Yuri Gagarin was the first man to fly into space on April 12, 1961. This historic event was carried out after many years of thorough preparations within the Soviet programme for space exploration. Gagarin soared into space in the Soviet spacecraft Vosto–1, in which he flew around the globe in 108 minutes. The first manned flight into space by Yuri Gagarin meant a high risk for the life of the cosmonaut, so Gagarin was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union after a successful flight.
German Titov was the second man who soared into Earth’s orbit on August 6, 1961. To this day Titov is the youngest astronaut to fly into space at the age of only 26, and his one-day and one-hour-long flight, during which he made 17 orbits around the Earth, was the longest at the time. Titov flew into space from the cosmodrome in Baikonur as part of the space mission Vosto–2 and was the first man to photograph and film the Earth from orbit. For the second successfully completed orbital flight in the history of mankind he was awarded the prestigious title of Hero of the Soviet Union. German Titov visited Belgrade in the autumn of 1961.
Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to fly into space on June 16, 1963. To this day Tereshkova remains the youngest female astronaut and the only woman who flew into space on her own. The Vosto–6 space mission lasted for almost 3 days, during which Tereshkova made 48 orbits around the Earth. Valentina Tereshkova is one of the most important pioneers of space conquest. Her heroic deed made her into a national hero in Russia and a role model for many women worldwide.
University library ”Svetozar Markovic” Belgrade
Motif on FDC 5a/2021: Ground trace of ”Vosto–1” complete orbit.
Motif on FDC 5b/2021: Model of the Vostok capsule with its upper stage.
Motif on FDC 5v/2021: the ”Vosto–6” capsule.
Motif on the booklet cover: Konstantin Tsiolkovsky (1857-1935). Konstantin Tsiolkovsky was the founder of modern cosmonautics who laid the foundations of the Soviet space exploration programme with his scientific work;
Back cover: Dreamer Spacesuit. Dreamer Spacesuit is made of pediatric oncology patients paintings from 20 cities and 10 countries, including Serbia. Dreamer Spacesuit was sent to the International Space Station in April, 2021. The project of UNITY charity foundation (Russia) supported by Roscosmos is intended to inspire and give hope to patients and their families.
Issue was realized in collaboration with the State Space Corporation ”Roscosmos”.
Artistic realization of the issue: Nadežda Skočajić, academic graphic artist.