125 years since the birth of Zora Petrović
(Dobrica, 1894 – Belgrade, 1962)
Zora Petrović began her education in painting at the Arts and Crafts School in Belgrade (in 1912-1914) with professors Milan Milovanović, Djordje Jovanović and Marko Murat. Between 1915 and 1919, she attended Art High School in Budapest under the guidance of professor Lajos Deák-Ébner. Together with Ivan Radović, she spent the summer of 1918 at the Artists’ Colony in Nagybánya supervised by professor István Réti. Petrović then spent two months at André Lhote’s art school during her time in Paris from 1925 to 1926 and became a professor at the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade in 1952. She was a member of the Lada, Oblik (Shape) and Samostalni (Independent) art associations. Along with taking part in numerous group exhibitions, she has held solo exhibitions in Belgrade (in 1927, 1930, 1933/34, 1937, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960), in Sarajevo in 1951, Zrenjanin in 1962 and in Kikinda in 1962. Following her death, a retrospective of works by Petrović was exhibited in Belgrade in 1978 and another exhibition of her work organized at the Serbian Academy of Science & Art (SANU) gallery in 1995. She was the recipient of the City of Belgrade’s October Award in 1956. She was a correspondent member of SANU from 1961.
Motif on the stamp: Girl from Skopska Crna Gora (about 1952), motif on the envelope: Peasant girl.
125 years since the birth of Risto Stijović
(Podgorica, 1894 – Titograd, 1974)
Risto Stijović, a sculptor, moved to Belgrade in 1912 in order to attend the School of Commerce but very quickly enrolled in Royal Art School in Belgrade in the class of professor Djordje Jovanović. During his studies he visited Ivan Meštrović’s atelier in Belgrade. He joined the Serbian Army in the First World War. After the war, he attended the Marseille School of Art for a year under the guidance of professor M. E. Aldeber. He moved to Paris in 1917 where he attends the École des Beaux-Arts in the class of professor Jean Antoine Injalbert. Stijović participated in a large number of group exhibitions. He also exhibited his work individually in Belgrade (in 1928, 1937, 1951, 1959, 1964, and 1969), Venice in 1957, Čačak in 1957 and in Titograd (renamed Podgorica where he was born) in 1959. He was the recipient of numerous awards and acknowledgements for his sculptures. Prior to becoming a full member of the Serbian Academy of Science & Art (SANU) in 1965, he was a a correspondent member from 1963.
Motif on the stamp: Torso of a girl (1971), motif on the envelope: Aleksandar Deroko (1973).
Expert collaboration: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.
125 years since the birth of Dušan Janković
(Niš, 1894 – Belgrade, 1950)
Dušan Janković began studying architecture at the Technical Faculty in Belgrade. His studies were interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War and he crossed into Albania after joining the Serbian Army in 1915. He ended up in France thanks to the Serbian army student detachment in 1916 and continued to study architecture in Paris in 1917-1918. On completing his studies, Janković had stints with leading Parisian publishing houses such as Flammarion, Larousse, Le Monde Moderne, and Kharma and became an associate for the renowned Manufacture Nationale de Sèvres (later renamed Sèvres – Cité de la Céramique), the French manufacturer of fine porcelain and ceramics, and French porcelain producer Bloch et Fils. He designed a villa in the affluent Paris suburb of Saint-Clod, along with its entire interior design and furniture, and decorated one of the rooms at the Moulin Rouge
In parallel with this artistic production, Janković participated in international exhibitions in his home country and with Yugoslavian artists abroad. He returned to Belgrade in 1935. He was an artistic instructor at the then state printing company Državna štamparija, a technical director at the Novo pokoljenje (New Generation) publishing house, and he also worked as a part-time professor at the Academy of Applied Arts in Belgrade. He died in 1950 when he held the position of art editor at the Jugoslavija magazine.
Motif on the stamp and envelope: Paris (1926).
125 years since the birth of Ivan Radović
(Vršac, 1894 – Belgrade, 1973)
Ivan Radović is a well-known Serbian modern artist who studied painting at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts in Budapest. In 1929, he was the winner of the championship of Yugoslavia in tennis. He played for the national team at the Davis Cup. He has had solo exhibitions in Belgrade (in 1925, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1952, 1960, 1966, 1971, 1984 – drawings) and a solo exhibition in Novi Sad in 1966. Radović regularly showcased his work in group exhibitions in the country and acted as a state representative of Yugoslavia abroad. He was involved with educational work (the Belgrade Art School). He has received numerous awards and acknowledgments for his work and was a member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU).
In his work, Radović went through various stages of artistic styles of expression: Cubo-Constructivism, Neoclassicism, Abstraction, Naїve Art, Intimism, and Poetic Realism. Along with Naїve Art as an attitude and as a new subject of painting, he also discovered and explored the field of pure art, with an emotional and personal interpretation of art, the authentic joy of life, and pointed to the orientation towards the inner world. The Vojvodina countryside is a recurrent theme in Radović’s work, with a distinctive atmosphere of optimism, humanity and sensuality, and a spontaneous, fateful love for his place of birth.
Motif on the stamp and envelope: Landscape with round tree tops (1922).
Expert collaboration: Museum of Contemporary Art, Belgrade.
150 years since the birth of Henry Matisse
(Le Cateau–Cambrésis, 1869 – Nice, 1954)
As one of the pioneers of experimental art, Henri Matisse is one of the greatest colorists and influential painters of the twentieth century. With the use of vivid colors and color not used descriptively in his works, he laid down the foundations for the Fauvism art movement at the turn of the century. In this respect, he heavily influenced artists of Cubism, Expressionism, Surrealism as well as those of the Pop Art movement in the United States. What sets him apart from the rest in the history of art is that he simultaneously experimented with entirely different styles of painting. Matisse’s career path in law took a turn when he enrolled in the Académie Julian in 1891. A year later, he transferred to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts (the National School of Fine Arts) and became a pupil of the Symbolist artist, Gustave Moreau. Besides Moreau, he was at the time also influenced by Edgar Degas, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne and Japanese graphics. During his studies, in the Louvre Museum he copied the works of Old Masters such as Nicolas Poussin, Raphael, Philippe de Champaigne, Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, Jacob van Ruisdael, and Jan Davidsz de Heem. For this reason, Matisse’s early works are set in restrained color palettes, whereas his landscape paintings from Brittany already exhibit bright colors and characteristic freedom in his surface treatment. Around 1905, Matisse formed his own personal expression in art and with it, along with a handful of his followers, a new movement in modern art – Fauvism. Matisse’s style of painting is diverse, probing and experimental, but his artistic expression is marked by eliminating details and simplifying the lines and colors, and his painting is a colorfully orchestrated surface composed in a way a kilim (a flat tapestry-woven carpet or rug) is made. His works of art do not render forms as they appear in real life. With the help of “color signs”, Matisse searched for the general essence of a being, the character of a drawn face, which is not determined by proportions, but rather by a certain inner light – that of the painter’s energy. His works are simplified to the extreme, butterfly-like, and contain simple forms; they make an enormous impact through the use of color, because it is an overriding element in his work. The subjects painted most frequently by the artist are landscapes and still lifes but he also captured the motifs of the interior. He is also a highly regarded as a sculptor (and for his nude sculptures in particular). Matisse’s art ranges between the kilim and the window, the two most common motifs in his paintings. The search for new aesthetic solutions through repetition of motifs is a principle he adhered to throughout his life.
His most famous works include “La Desserte”, painted in 1897; “Carmelina”, 1903; “Luxury, Serenity and Pleasure”, 1904-1905; “Open Window” and “Woman with a Hat”, 1905; “The Joy of Life”, 1905-1906; “Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt”, 1906; “Blue Nude”, 1907; “Le Lux II”, 1907-1908; “The Dessert: Harmony in Red”, 1908-1909; “The Red Studio” and “The Goldfish”, both painted in 1911, and “The Piano Lesson”, 1916-1917.
Motif on the stamp: By the window (1918), Motif on the envelope: Head of a girl (1939).
Expert collaboration: National Museum in Belgrade.
Graphic realisation of the issue: MA Jakša Vlahović, Academic Graphic Artist.