175 years of the National Museum in Belgrade
The National Museum in Belgrade is the oldest and central museum of Serbia. Today, after 175 years since the foundation, it conserves, studies and exhibits more than 450,000 of museum items which represent a unique whole of the cultural heritage of Serbia, Central Balkan, as well as Europe.
Its central building being placed in the very centre of Belgrade in the Republic Square, the National Museum conserves representative cultural goods, testimonies of development and civilization changes in the territory of today’s Serbia and the closest surroundings, from the prehistoric times until the late Medieval period, as well as the representative works of the key artistic styles and movements, superior artistic ranges in the national and European art from the Medieval period until the modern time creativity. Lepenski Vir is especially worth mentioning (VII millenium B.C.), Vinča sculptures (VI–V millenium B.C.), Dupljajska kolica (XVI–XIII century B.C.), golden masks from Trebenište (VI century B.C.), pantry from Jabučje (I century), Belgrade cameo (IV century), Miroslav Gospel (XII century), money of king Radoslav (XIII century), medieval icons and frescos, bowl from Vraćevšnica (XVII century), paintings of Paja Jovanović, Nadežda Petrović and Sava Šumanović, the works of the old Italian masters (Di Credi, Canaletto, Guardi), of the Dutch art (works of the ateliers of Bosch, Brueghel, Van Goyen and Rubens, as well as some works of Toorop, Van Gogh and Mondrian). The National Museum conserves the works of the French art from the late XIX and the beginning of the XX century (Corot, Daumier, Pissarro, Renoir, Degas, Sisley, Gauguin), and the story of modern art is rounded by the works of Picasso, Kandinsky, Archipenko and Chagall. These extraordinary museum exhibits arrived in the National Museum mostly by researches, repurchases or gifts by benefactors, which were numerous in the long and rich history of this museum among rulers and even more among citizens. All of them contributed to the National Museum in terms of its becoming the true symbol of the Serbian culture.
Motifs on stamps: 23 RSD – Simeon Roksandić, The Boy Plucking the Thorn, bronze, 1922; vignette – Blacksmith, end of VIII – beginning of VII century B.C, bronze, Vranište. 74 RSD – Auguste Renoir, Bather, around 1915; vignette – Milan Milovanović, The Blue Door, 1917.
Expert collaboration: National Museum in Belgrade.
Graphic realization of the stamps: MA Jakša Vlahović, academic graphic artist.