The area of exceptional features ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area”
It is located on the territory of 1802,57 ha. Natural features of the area are comprised of well-preserved complexes of autochthonous oak and other forests, while 83 of 145 plant and animal species are protected, and 62 belong to the category of strictly protected. Coastal area of watercourses is amphibian and reptiles habitat, with 11 protected species. Bird fauna consists of Middle spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopos medius), Red-backed shrike (Lanius collurio) and Ortolan (Emberiza hortulana), which stands out as the species of international significance.
Mammal fauna is comprised of 52 species, and bats fauna is represented by 18 strictly protected species. In 2019, on the basis of the protection study of the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia for the ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area”, the Government of the Republic of Serbia adopted a Decree declaring the Area of Exceptional Features ”Tršić – Tronoša Cultural Area” in order to preserve immovable cultural assets, natural values, specific terrain configuration and regional diversity of the landscape character, due to the unique blend of natural and created values.
Dragan Cvijić, Spatial Planning Specialist, The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia.
The area of exceptional features ”Vardenik – Strešer”
It is located in the southeastern Serbia, within the region of Vlasina and Krajište, and it consists of Vardenik mountain with its highest peak Veliki Strešer (1876 m). The relief of Vardenik mountain was created in a long time period under the influence of complex geological and geomorphological processes. The flora of the region is characterized by great biological diversity with a total of 414 plant species. This small region is inhabited by 12,3% of Serbian total flora, with 10% of endemic taxons. This area is also characterized by the presence of 54 woody and shrubby species, eight of which are in the ”protected species” status: Turkish hazel (Corylus colurna), Silver birch (Betula pendula), Common juniper (Juniperus communis), Dog rose (Rosa canina), Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata), Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), Cornelian cherry (Cornus mas) and European bladdernut (Staphylea pinnata). Ichthyofauna of the region has kept a high level of autochthony, and the presence of the Brown trout is significant. This region is internationally important area for plants (IPA), internationally important area for birds (IBA) and a chosen area for butterflies (PBA).
Danko Jović, MSc in Biological Sciences and Ana Petković, Forestry Engineer,The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia
Artistic realization of the issue: Miroslav Nikolić.