Europa – national birds


Commemorative postage stamps

Year of issue: 2019

In stock


Out of more than 350 bird species recorded at Serbian territory, 240 breed permanently in our country.

Tichodroma muraria – Wallcreeper
The Wallcreeper is a passerine bird which inhabits high mountains, between 1,000 and 3,000 m above sea level, from Southern and Central Europe to China. This little bird, weighing around 17 gr, has blue–grey feathers with dark flying and tail feathers. However, the most impressive feature of the Wallcreeper is bright red colour on its wings, which is especially noticeable when the bird flies.

Although it is sedentary bird, some vertical migrations were marked during the cold winter months, towards lower altitudes. Female builds nest of grass and moss in the cervices of rock cracks or in holes. A typical nest has two holes. Female lays 4–5 eggs in the nest, during May and June, depending of the breeding altitude. During incubation only a female lies on the eggs, while a male feeds her all the time. Both parents take care of the nestlings. The Wallcreeper is an insectivore – it feeds on insects, spiders and invertebrates which collects from the rock surfaces.

According to the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) criteria, the Wallcreeper is not globally endangered species. The population in Serbia is stable. The main nesting sites are at the mountains of the Eastern and Western Serbia.

Daliborka Stanković, PhD, Senior curator ornithologist, Natural History Museum in Belgrade.

Ardeola ralloides – Squacco Heron
The Squacco Heron is a small species of heron. It has a short neck, a short, big beak and brown back. It reaches 44–47 cm in length, with wingspan of 80–92 cm. In the summer, grownups have long feathers on the neck. Its look is changed during flying when, thanks to the colour of its wings, it looks like it was white. Heron’s colours are wonderful, especially nuptial plumage.

The Squacco Heron is nesting bird of the Special Nature Reserve “Gornje Podunavlje”, in the north of Serbia – the left bank of the Danube river from the Hungarian border to the bridge at Bogojevo. It nests in mixed colonies with other heron species. It arrives to our regions at the end of April, and it migrate to warmer regions at the end of August. It nests in thick reed bads, with single willows and osiers. It feeds on fish, frogs and various insects. The number of the hatchlings ones 3–5.

According to the IUCN criteria, Squacco Heron is – endangered species, and it is strictly protected.

Jovan J. Lakatoš, an ornithologist and nature photographer.

Artistic realization: MA Boban Savić, academic painter.


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